Humanistic therapy emphasizes on the individual's inherent drive towards self-actualization and creativity. This therapy works on a psychological perspective in response to Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytical theory and B.F. Skinner’s Behaviorism. This is also known as the Third Force in the development of psychology, due to its emergence in reaction to both behaviourism and psychoanalysis. This therapy emphasises on the subjective meaning, which is a rejection of determinism, and a concern for positive growth rather than pathology. It is mostly concerned with the human context of the development of the individual. This therapy believes that there exists an inherent human capacity to maximize potential, which is also the self-actualizing tendency.
Humanistic therapy makes us believe that people are inherently good. The humanistic therapists in Chennai use a holistic approach to human existence. They pay special attention to human potential in the form of creativity and free will. This approach encourages the fact that every human is a ‘whole person’, and promotes self-exploration, rather than study of behaviour in other people. According to humanistic psychology, the spiritual aspirations of a person are an integral part of the human psyche. It is also linked to the emerging field of transpersonal psychology.
Humanistic psychology is also known as the ‘third force, and is distinct from the traditional approaches like psychoanalysis and behaviourism. Humanistic psychology helps us understand how individuals can perceive themselves here and now. It helps us recognise responsibilities, growth and self-direction. This method is highly optimistic and attempts to help individuals recognize their inner strength, through a non-judgmental and understanding experience.
01 Transpersonal Therapies
Transpersonal psychological therapies are concerned with the recognition, understanding, and realization of unitive, spiritual, and transcendent states of consciousness along with the study of humanity’s highest potential. This is a school of psychology that integrates spiritual and transcendent aspects of human experience along with the framework of modern psychology. This therapy addresses the client in the context of a spiritual understanding of consciousness. Issues considered in transpersonal psychology include spiritual self-development, self beyond the ego, peak experiences, mystical experiences, systemic trance, spiritual crises, spiritual evolution, religious conversion, altered states of consciousness, spiritual practices and other sublime and/or unusually expanded experiences of living.
02 Psychospiritual Therapies
Psychospiritual therapies include the body, mind, emotions and the spirit in their approach. This therapy uses both the traditional psychotherapeutic theories along with spiritual approach to help an individual with their problems. In this therapy, the therapist attunes with both the inner knowing and acquired knowledge, by combining the skills from years of study in the psychodynamic technique. For the psychospiritual approach to emerge, they need to be immersed in the particual form of spiritual attunement. This spiritual approach recognizes and allows higher consciousness through tools like meditation, imagery, metaphor, visualization, creative arts, awareness, intuition and inner attunement. The psychospiritual therapy works towards a greater understanding of the self in the context of the greater whole.
03 Existential Therapies
Existential psychotherapy is a philosophical method that is based on the existential belief that human beings are alone in the world. It operates by believing that the inner conflict of a person is due to that particular individual’s confrontation with the givens of existence. When human beings believe that they are alone in this world, it leads to a feeling of meaninglessness, which can be overcome only by creating one's own values and meanings. Existential therapy is based on four given, which are the inevitability of death, freedom and its attendant responsibility, existential isolation (referring to phenomenology), and finally meaninglessness. These are also known as the ultimate concerns, through which a therapist conceptualizes a client’s problem, to develop a method of treatment.
04 Systemic Therapies
Systemic therapy is deeply rooted in family therapy and address people, not at an individual level. This is the focus for many other forms of therapy, mostly with people in a relationship, their patterns, dynamics, and interactions. Another type of systemic therapy is community psychology therapy. Systemic therapy approaches problems practically rather than analytically. This type of therapy seeks to identify the stagnant patterns of behaviour in groups of people, like a family. This does not attempt to determine past causes like in psychoanalytical approach, and does not assign diagnosis to the patient. This approach addresses the patterns directly, irrespective of the analysis of cause. Our expert Psychiatrists in Chennai offer the best Family Therapy in Chennai.